Wednesday, December 9, 2015

Gum Disease: Stages and Development

You have probably heard your dentist speak about gum disease, and you’re probably familiar with gingivitis, but did you know it can advance well beyond that? Dr. Dipika Shah, DDS of Holmdel, NJ wants to inform her patients of the dangers of gum disease and how it develops.

Gum disease is an infection of the gum tissue. The first stage is gingivitis. This is characterized by red, swollen gums that bleed when you brush your teeth. Since it is caused by plaque on the teeth, it is fairly easy to treat. Brushing more frequently and flossing every day will should clear it up. However, if left alone, gingivitis could turn into periodontitis, a more serious form of gum disease. Periodontitis includes those red, swollen gums, but they bleed more frequently and may be painful while chewing. Periodontitis can also create pockets between the gums and the teeth where bacteria collect; it can create sores in the mouth, and can loosen teeth. It can lead to the spread of infection and the complete loss of teeth. Periodontitis is tougher to clear up. A scaling and planing procedure is needed to remove the bacteria deep within the gums. Afterwards, pocket reduction surgery and gum grafts may be needed to repair the gums.

Gum disease develops when plaque and tartar are frequently left on teeth to irritate the gums. Remember to keep a good oral hygiene routine and to see Dr. Dipika Shah, DDS for cleanings and examinations. To schedule in our Holmdel, NJ office, call us at (732) 264-8180 or visit our website,

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